Top 5 Standard Poodle Health Concerns
Poodle health – a natural concern for you as a Standard Poodle owner.
Are you wondering what illnesses and diseases your best 4-legged friend is at risk of acquiring?
We’ve done the research for you, and compiled a list of what we believe are 5 of the most prevalent and serious illnesses in Standard Poodles.
1 – Addison’s Disease
Addison’s Disease results when the Adrenal Gland – located next to the kidney – is not producing enough cortisol (a stress hormone).
And it is very common in standard poodles. It’s the Number One standard poodle health concern.
2 – Gastric Dilatation Volvulus
Gastric Dilatation Volvulus (GDV) is a potentially life threatening condition also referred to as Gastric Torsion, Twisted Stomach or Bloat.
The twisting traps air in the stomach and cuts off the blood supply to the organs and other tissues, which can result in cellular damage and organ death.
3 – Sebaceous Adenitis
Sebaceous Adenitis is a hereditary skin disease in which the immune system attacks the sebaceous (oil) glands.
The reason this happens is unknown, but the result is that the sebaceous glands become inflamed and may even be destroyed. There is no cure for this disease.Standard Poodles are at high risk for Sebaceous Adenitis, as are Akitas and Samoyeds. In fact, Embrace Pet Insurance reports that approximately 50% of Standard Poodles either have it or carry it genetically.
This condition is easily confused with other skin conditions so a professional diagnosis is made with a skin biopsy, which could result in a false negative so breeding poodles should be retested about every 2 years. There is no DNA test for this disease.
As long as secondary skin infections are kept under control, this poodle health condition is very manageable and affected dogs can live a normal life.
4 – Epilepsy
A dog is diagnosed with epilepsy only after he has experienced repeated seizures. Epilepsy is a “seizure disorder”.
There are two different types of epilepsy in dogs:
- Primary – inherited, genetic, or idiopathic (unknown cause)
- Secondary – meaning another identifiable condition is causing the epilepsy
Within epilepsy, there are different types of seizures in dogs:
- Generalized Seizures (Grand Mal or Petit Mal)
- Simple or Complex Focal Seizures (partial, localized)
- Cluster Seizures (repeat seizures)
- Status Elipepticus Seizures (non-stop seizure)
As with humans, every dog has a “seizure threshold” . Whether they will have seizures or not depends on their seizure threshold.
Dogs diagnosed with epilepsy have a lower seizure threshold, whereas dogs that have a high threshold may never experience a seizure.
Please refer to this excellent article written by Dennis O’Brien, DVM, PhD from the Canine Epilepsy Network for further information on Epilepsy in Dogs.
5 – Hypothyroidism
This condition exists when there is too little of the thyroxine hormone produced by the thyroid gland. Thyroxine controls the metabolism of food into fuel for the body.
Dr Karen Becker of HealthyPets.Mercola.com explains that it also plays a significant role in
- Growth and development
- Resistance to infection and
- Oxygen consumption.
Thyroid disease can affect any breed of dog but is more common for medium and large breed dogs. Onset is normally between 4 and 10 years of age.
Other health issues that are less common in the Standard Poodle include:
- Progressive Retinal Atrophy (PRA) – or other eye diseases such as Glaucoma and Retinal Dysplasia
- Tracheal Collapse
- Canine Hip Dysplasia (CHD)